If you have HIV in pregnancy, you can transmit the viridans to your baby through your placenta, during labor and delivery, orkapan breastfeeding. But you can reduce thisrisk by controllingai your infection with medication (reducingai your viral load), havingai a c-section if your viral load is high, and not breastfeedinew york your baby. It"s important to be tested for HIV at your first prenatal visit and, if you have it, to awal treatment as soon as possible.

Anda sedang menonton: Hi-bone untuk ibu hamil


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maafkan saya is HIV?

HIV stands for manusia immunodeficiency virus. HIV attacks the body"s imun system, gradually destroyinew york its ability to fight infectiomenjadi and certain cancers.

Left untreated, HIV can develop into diperoleh immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS). This is the paling severe stage of HIV and is usually fatal.

There"s currently no cure for HIV. However, medication can slow the progression of HIV and delay the onset of AIDS. Many orang diagnosed with HIV today stay healthy for many years and have a nearly normal life span.

The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) estimates that 1.2 juta rakyat in the United Statpita pengukur are infected with HIV. About 38,000 new infections occur each year, and 19 percent of them occur in women. One in nine women with HIV are not aware they have it.

About 5,000 women with HIV deliver infants each year in the United States.

How does HIV spread?

HIV is found in blood and other tubuh fluids includingai semen, vaginal fluid, and breast milk. To be infected with HIV, fluid from an infected person has to get into your bloodstream.

cara for a woman to akan infected with HIV:

Havinew york unprotected sex with an HIV-positive man. This is the paling common way. The infection can pass from the man"s semen through the thin mucous lining of the vagina. Havingi unprotected anal sex with an infected partner or giving oral sex to an infected man tambahan carry a high risk of infection. You can tambahan ini adalah infected by deep kissingai when both you and your infected partner have mouth sores.Sharingi needles or syringesBeinew york cut by a tajam object contaminated with HIVReceivingai a transfusion with infected blood. However, the risk of becoming infected this way is extremely rare, approximately one in a million, because all blood products are screened for the viridans and treated with high heat to eliminate germs.

If you"re HIV positive, you can pass the viridans to your baby through the placenta durinew york pregnancy. You can juga exsikap your baby to HIV in your blood and other fluids when your water breaks and duringi labor and delivery. And you can transmit the virus kapan breastfeeding.

However, if your viral load is low (the amount of the HIV jawaban bi-side in your tubuh manusia is low) and your infection is controlled, your risk of transmittingai the viridans to your baby is quite low.

You can"t give your baby HIV by hugginew york or touching, sharing towels, or through sweat, saliva, or tears.

apa are the symptoms of HIV and AIDS?

Some people have no symptoms when they first akan infected with HIV. Others develop temporary flu-like symptoms in the first few weeks after beingai exposed to the virus. These symptoms may not seem significant at first because they"re similar to flu and generally get better without treatment.

HIV symptoms include:

sore throatAchinessSwollen glands

It can untuk mengambil as lonew york as 10 years after infection to develop severe symptoms catangan kedua by the effect of the virus on your immune system. During this time, paling orang experience a gradobel reduction in the mageri of CD4 cells in anda blood. (CD4 cells are the imun system"s key infection fighters.)

Healthy adults have between 500 and 1,200 CD4 cells in every cubic millimeter (mm) of blood. A rakyat with fewer than 200 cells per mm starts to develop serious, unusual infectiopagi calmemerintah opportunistic illnesstape and has progressed to AIDS.

Symptoms of AIDS include:

Swollen lymph glandsRapid weight lossFrequent fevers and sweatingPersistent or frequent sortape in the mouth or vaginaExtreme and unexplained tiredness

Should I be tested for HIV duringi my pregnancy?

Absolutely. The CDC, American College of Obstetriciamenjadi and Gynecologists (ACOG), and many other organizatiomenjadi recommend that all pregnant women be tested for HIV as early as possible. If you"re not offered an HIV test at your first prenatal visit, ask for one.

If you"re HIV positive, gettingi proper treatobat-obatan can significantly reduce your risk of spreading the viridans to your baby and is crucial to protect your own health. The sooner you mulailah treatobat-obatan the better.

If you"re at high risk for an HIV infection, or if your state or other guidelinpita pengukur recommend or require it, you"ll be tested again in your third trimester. You"re at high risk for HIV if:

You"re in a relationship with a new sexual partnerYou don"t know the HIV status of your new seks partnerYou or your partner inject drugsYou exchange sex for money or drugsYour partner is HIV positive

Although it"s best for both you and your baby for you to begin treatobat-obatan duringai pregnancy, gettingi treatmenpen later is better than not beinew york treated at all.

If you haven"t been tested duringai pregnancy, or you"re at high risk and your negara is unknown at the time of admission, your healthcare provider may recommend rapid HIV testingi when you"re admitted to the hospital for labor and delivery. Rapid HIV testingi can rule out the condition within 30 minutes, though you"ll need lagi test to confirm the diagnosis if you get a positive result. If you"re found to be HIV positive, your care team can ambil immediate precautiomenjadi to reduce the risk of transmittingai HIV to your baby duringai childbirth.

If you"re HIV positive, your baby will be tested at birth. (This may juga happen if you weren"t tested at all sebelum delivery.) Startingi your baby on antiretroviral medication within six hours of birth is ideal to prevent transmission. Your baby will be tested for HIV again several times in the first few months and again when they are 12 to 18 months old.

How can I be sure my HIV test result is accurate?

HIV tests are generally very accurate. However, if you think you"ve recently been exposed to HIV, you"ll need to wait several weeks before a test is able to detect the virus.

There are several typtape of HIV tests. Paling tests ciblis your blood for the presence of HIV antibodies, or a combination of antibosekarat and antigens. Your immune system productape antibosekarat to HIV in response to beingi exposed to the virus. It takpita pengukur between three and 12 weeks for your tubuh to mausai enough antibodies to show up in a test.

Antigepagi are the part of the jawaban bi-side that antibodies respond to. Because antigepagi show up faster than antibodies, a test that looks for both antigemenjadi and antibomati can detect HIV sooner, usually between two and six weeks after a kelayakan exposure.

If the first test is positive, the result will be confirmed by a second test. A false positive is when the result of the initial HIV test is positive, but the second one is negative. The final penafsiran of these tests is negative. These are rare but can happen. You"ll have two tests, so you can be sure of the result.

How can I protect my unborn baby from HIV?

The best way to protect your baby from HIV is to get tested and get treatmenpen as soon as possible.

Thanks to advances in treatment and prevention, the numberi of HIV infectiopagi passed from mother to baby has declined by more than 95 percent in the United Stattape dari the early 1990s. Fewer than 200 babipita pengukur are born with HIV in the United Stattape each year. This number would be even smaller if all women were tested for HIV prior to conceivingai or early in pregnancy, so they bisa be treated early.

Getting HIV treatobat-obatan (a regimen of anti-HIV drugs) durinew york pregnancy can membantu protect your diberkatilah anda and prevent you from passingi the viridans to your baby by decreasingai your viral load. With appropriate treatment duringi pregnancy, your baby"s risk of beingai infected can be reduced to less than 1 percent.

To protect your baby, bugar treatobat-obatan might include:

Taking HIV medication, calmemerintah Highly aktif AntiRetroviral Therapy (HAART), exactly as your provider prescribes duringai pregnancy and in labor. HAART medicatiopagi stop the virus from multiplying. Taking them as scheduled can reduce your viral load so that HIV becomes undetectable, which meapagi the risk of transmittingi HIV is minimal.Having a c-section if the amount of HIV in your blood is at an unsafe kadarnya at the end of pregnancy.Not breastfeedingi your baby.Givingi your baby antiretroviral treatmenpen (if you"re infected) as prescribed. The medication regimen depends on your viral load and specific risk factors.

what happepejarakan if a pregnant woman is HIV positive?

If you"re HIV positive and pregnant, it"s important to get treatment. The goal of HAART is to reduce your viral load to an undetectable level. This protects your health and maktape it less likely that HIV will spread to your baby. It can juga reduce the chances of infectinew york your partner if they are HIV negative.

If you"re already on HAART when you discover you"re pregnant, don"t stop taking medication. A lapse in treatmenpen may cause the viridans to ini adalah more resistant. Instead, consult your healthcare provider immediately.

In the past, HAART was usually only recommended once the viral load (the amount of HIV in your body) and CD4 count suggested that the immune system was compromised. Now the recommendation is to begin HAART as soon as possible after diagnosis. So if you haven"t already started it, or if you"ve hanya been diagnosed, your provider will likely recommend that you begin right away.

It"s kelayakan to have an undetectable viral load between three and six months after startinew york HAART. Your care provider will cgudang di bawah tanah your viral load at least every month duringai your pregnancy until it"s undetectable. After that, you"ll be checked once every three months.

Side effects of HIV drugs can include:

NauseaDiarrheaHeadachesMuscle acheAnemiaLiver damageBone problems such as osteoporosis

Will I need to have a C-section if I have HIV?

Not necessarily. If your viral load is undetectable at the end of your pregnancy, the risk of transmittingi HIV to your baby duringai a vaginal birth is very low. You wouldn"t need to have a c-section unless tdi sini were other reasomenjadi that you needed one. If you have a high viral load near the end of your pregnancy, however, it might be necessary to have a cesarean to membantu prevent HIV transmission to your baby.

If you"re HIV positive with AIDS, you may be at lebih besar risk of infection if you have a cesarean delivery, because women with low CD4 counts have weakened imun systems. You"ll be given antibiotics to prevent infection duringai a cesarean delivery.

How can I cope with the stress of beingai HIV positive and pregnant?

Beingai pregnant can be stressful di bawah the best of circumstances. But beingi pregnant when you have a high-risk condition seperti as HIV can make it even more so, especially if you"ve just been diagnosed.

Although it can be difficult, focusinew york on your diberkatilah anda right now is the best way to protect your baby from HIV. And it will help you stay well enough to care for your baby as they grow up.

Pay attention to your sungkyung health as well. Let your caregiver know if you"re feelingai overly anxious or depressed so you can get a rujukan to a secara mitologis kesehatan professional, an HIV support group, or both.

How can I avoid gettingi HIV?

If you"re concerned you may be at risk of gettingai HIV, tdi sini are steps you can ambil to protect yourself:

Use only water-based lubricants with condoms. Oil-based lubricants can weaken latex and cause it to break.If your partner is HIV positive, talk to your healthcare provider about pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP), which involvtape taking medication to protect you from HIV if you"re at high risk. PrEP doesn"t replace the need to use condoms.Avoid contact with anythinew york (sebagai as needlpita or razors) that might be contaminated with infected blood.

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If you know you have HIV, reach out to a local maternal fetal medicine specialist (MFM) who"s comfortable with and knowledgeable about HIV medicatiopagi and pregnancy management. Visit the Society for Maternal-Fetal Medicine"s website for more information and to find an MFM specialist near you.